Roman Ideals of Beauty and Playing with Gender: Analyzing Various Representations of Omphale and Hercules in Roman Art

Introduction During the third century AD, Plotinus, who was a Neo-Platonist, changed the traditional view of Beauty accepted earlier in antiquity. Beauty had been considered to be the symmetry of parts, but Plotinus defined Beauty differently—a Principle created and emanated an Idea, which could also be called Beauty. Additionally, he argues that each part of … Continue reading Roman Ideals of Beauty and Playing with Gender: Analyzing Various Representations of Omphale and Hercules in Roman Art

Romanticism & Art History

Romanticism is “a shift in emphasis from reason to feeling, from calculation to intuition, and from objective nature to subjective emotion” (Gardner 784), thus indicating a distinct transition from Neoclassicism. Rousseau’s claim that “‘Man is born free but is everywhere in chains!’—the opening line of his Social Contract (1762)—summarizes a fundamental Romantic premise” (784). Romanticism reflected … Continue reading Romanticism & Art History